UNESCO site in Pakistan severely damaged by floods

UNESCO site in Pakistan severely damaged by flood

Mohenjo-daro — a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Indus Valley, 508 kilometers from the port city of Karachi, was built in the Bronze Age, about 5,000 years ago.

Satellite images show that deadly floods have created a huge inland lake 100 km in diameter. The situation is aggravated by the fact that this place was used as temporary housing for residents of the surrounding villages, whose own houses were flooded.

They have now been urgently provided with shelter in residential areas, parking areas, shops and even on the ground floor museum.

Currently, a third of the territory of Pakistan is under water after monsoon rains and as a result of the melting of glaciers — several walls have already collapsed.

The majority of Mohenjo-daro structures that were discovered in the 1920s are above ground and prone to collapse.

The measures that have been taken, such as installing water pumps, repairing brickwork and cleaning sewers, are clearly not enough. Restorers suggest that flooding could pose a serious threat to the site, and even if the government provides 100 million Pakistani rupees ($45 million), they will not be enough for a complete renovation.

In its heyday, the city was a bustling metropolis . There were markets, public baths, a well-functioning sewerage system and a Buddhist hill built from sun-baked bricks.

Scientists are sounding the alarm: Mohenjo-daro may be added to the list of UNESCO sites in danger as a historical site at serious risk of destruction.

Currently on this list are sites such as the Everglades National Park in Florida, which faces significant environmental problems, and the city of Liverpool in England, whose historic center is considered at risk urbanization.

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