The names of the states of Europe – what do they mean?
There are two versions of the origin of the name of this country: according to one of them, it is associated with the leader of a local tribe named Macedon, according to the other, with the Illyrian word maketia (“cattle”). The epithet “North” in the name of the state appeared quite recently, in 2019: it was added to distinguish the Balkan country from the Greek province of the same name.
The name of the country goes back to the name of the mythical goddess Ériu (Eriu): it is this word that is used in the Irish sagas in relation to the island of green hills. According to legend, the last conquerors of this land named it so at the request of the goddess herself, which helped them break the ancient spell and stop the storm. Video test: Guess the country by an unexpected fact about it. 10 questions
According to one hypothesis, in the 6th century BC. e. on the site of the Principality of Monaco was the colony of Monoikos, which in ancient Greek means “secluded house”. This name goes back to one of the nicknames of Hercules – Monoeci (“lonely”). In honor of the legendary hero, altars were erected on the territory of the colony and a temple was built.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The name of this country consists of words denoting two historical regions. The first of them is named after the river Bosna, on the banks of which the Bosnian state arose. The toponym “Herzegovina” comes from the Hungarian herceg, which means “voivode”: such a title was worn by the first ruler of this land.
The state owes its name to the Moldova River, which now flows through the territory of Romania. According to legend, the first ruler of the Moldavian principalities named the river in honor of his dog Molda, who pursued the bison and rushed after him into a stormy current. But scientists have another explanation: they believe that the name of the river comes from the ancient Germanic muddle – “hollow”. /fs.tonkosti.ru/sized/f550x700/32/ac/32ackl0syzy8sokkkg84c0kwg.jpg” media=”(max-width: 549px)”>